Kazakh metal enterprises buy 48.1% of coke they consume. Imported coke accounts for 80% of consumption in some regions
In Kazakhstan only Karaganda Region produced coke in January-May 2016 and its output totalled 1.12m tonnes going up by 1.1% year on year.
Annual coke production fluctuated between 2.38m tonnes and 2.7mn between 2010 and 2015, posting growth between negative 7.4% and positive 13.4%.
Kazakhstan’s existing production capacity doesn’t meet consumption as the country imported 1.3m tonnes of coke in 2014 or 48.1% of its needs. Coke imports and its share in total consumption has been on the rise since 2010. These imports increased from 888,400 tonnes in 2010 to 1.3m tonnes in 2014, with their share jumping from 35.1% to 48%.
Regionally, the largest consumer of coke is enterprises in Pavlodar Region which imported 573,700 tonnes or 44.2% of the country’s total coke imports in 2014. It is followed by East Kazakhstan Region with 275,900 tonnes (21.2%), Aktobe Region 215,000 tonnes (16.6%) and Zhambyl Region with 116,400 tonnes (9%). Karaganda Region itself imported an average of 27,000 tonnes of coke a year in 2010-2014.
Aktobe Region’s imports accounted for 85.1% of total consumption of coke, Pavlodar Region 88.2%, East Kazakhstan Region 82.6% and Karaganda Region 1.3%. This mean Karaganda Region’s metal enterprises, namely ArcelorMittal Temirtau, consumes practically all coke produced, while Aksu Ferroalloy Plant (in Pavlodar Region), Aktobe Steel Production and Kazchrome (in Aktobe Region) and Kazzinc (in East Kazakhstan Region) consume mostly imported coke.
* Statistical data on Kazakhstan’s fuel and energy balance is annually published on July 29
Event. Kazakh First Deputy Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev told the Seventh Astana Mining & Metallurgy congress that Kazakhstan needed to develop local brands in metallurgy, adding that in the long term traditional and innovative sectors of the economy would increase demand for metal products.
Recommendations. Imported coke from Russia and China impacts the production costs of ferroalloys. The construction or expansion of coke-producing capacities will make it possible to reduce not just dependence on imports but also the production costs of productions and to successfully compete on the global markets of metal products.